How to Speed Up a Website on CentOS 7

How to Speed Up a Website on CentOS 7

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Accelerating the website can often be a demanding job requiring detailed planning, knowledge of different areas, with a focus on testing and evaluation. Often, there are several teams working on this segment: web developers, system administrators, network experts, and other professionals. In this article, we will show you how to speed up a website on a CentOS 7 server.

Why is the website speed so important?

The answer is simple – the download speed affects the ranking of your website on search engines. The website’s download speed is included in the search engine ranking factors, and therefore this is an important SEO factor. Slow websites negatively affect the conversion rates that are crucial to the success of every online business.

Use fast and reliable hosting

It’s obvious that you need to use reliable web hosting if you want your website to be loaded fast.

Enable gzip compression

Images are mostly compressed, but textual content leaves plenty of room for “zipping”. The web server can be configured to send compressed content to all web browsers that can accept it. This makes sense to do with all the textual content, such as HTML, JavaScript, CSS, text, and XML files.

speed up a website on CentOS 7Compressed files are much smaller and are downloaded much faster, which in the end greatly reduces the time needed to load those content from the end user. The process of compression (on the server side) and decompression (on the client side) burdens the processor, but modern processors are fast and easy to cope with, while the speed of the Internet connection is still often a bottleneck. So compression contributes to the overall speed of the website, in the vast majority of cases.

All new web browsers allow you to read HTML, CSS and Javascript files in compressed form.

In order to enable GZIP compression, it is necessary to configure the web server so that it compresses all files before sending it compressed in GZIP format. Specific configuration commands depend on the type of the server. On CentOS servers with Apache, the simplest solution is to modify the .htaccess file located in the root directory of your website.

vi .htaccess

If you do not have this file, you need to create it yourself and enter the following code into it:

<IfModule mod_deflate.c>
# Enable HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Text, XML and font compression
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/javascript
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/rss+xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/x-font
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/x-font-opentype
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/x-font-otf
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/x-font-truetype
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/x-font-ttf
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/x-javascript
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xhtml+xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE font/opentype
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE font/otf
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE font/ttf
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE image/svg+xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE image/x-icon
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/css
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/javascript
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/plain
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/xml

#Remove browser bugs (only needed for really old browsers)
BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4 gzip-only-text/html
BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4\.0[678] no-gzip
BrowserMatch \bMSIE !no-gzip !gzip-only-text/html
Header append Vary User-Agent

Configure web browser caching

An important setting is “expiration date”, that determines the “shelf life” of a file on the server. If the “expiration date” is not set for the files, they will be loaded directly from the server at each request by the visitor. Otherwise, the web browser will load the same file on the user’s computer, not the server, if it has to load the file on the user’s computer again. The result is clear, saving in loading time and resources is enormous. This setting is recommended mostly for static content on the site, which is rarely being changed. These can be images, Javascript, and even CSS files.

In order to allow caching of such files, it is necessary to re-edit the .htaccess file in the root directory of the website, i.e. add the following code to it:

<ifModule mod_headers.c>
<filesMatch "\\.(ico|pdf|flv|jpg|jpeg|png|gif|swf)$">
Header set Cache-Control "max-age=2592000, public"
<filesMatch "\\.(css)$">
Header set Cache-Control "max-age=2592000, public"
<filesMatch "\\.(js)$">
Header set Cache-Control "max-age=216000, private"
<filesMatch "\\.(xml|txt)$">
Header set Cache-Control "max-age=216000, public, must-revalidate"
<filesMatch "\\.(html|htm|php)$">
Header set Cache-Control "max-age=1, private, must-revalidate"

<IfModule mod_expires.c>
ExpiresActive On
ExpiresByType image/jpg "access 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/gif "access 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/png "access 1 year"
ExpiresByType text/css "access 1 month"
ExpiresByType text/x-javascript "access 1 month"
ExpiresByType image/x-icon "access 1 year"
ExpiresDefault "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType application/ "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType application/x-font-ttf "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType application/x-font-woff "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType font/opentype "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType image/svg+xml "access plus 1 month"

By using these simple .htaccess rules for caching, you can dramatically improve the speed of the website.

Use a CDN

Content Delivery Network (CDN) is a collection of web servers distributed across multiple locations in order to provide more efficient content delivery to users. Using this solution can help your website get faster by 20% or more.

Reduce HTTP requests

In order to reduce page loading time, you also need to reduce HTTP requests. This means that you need to:

  • reduce the number of JavaScript files or try combining many JavaScript files into one bigger file,
  • reduce the number of CSS files or try combining many CSS files into one bigger file,
  • reduce the number of images.

That’s it, your website should be faster now. If your website based on WordPress, you can use plugins to do some of the steps mentioned above.

If you use one of our premium server management services our expert system engineers can speed up and optimize your website for blazing fast speeds. They are available 24×7 and will take care of your request immediately.

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