How to Install WildFly on Debian 9

How to Install WildFly 14 on Debian 9

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installing wildfly 14 on debian 9

We’ll show you how to install WildFly 14 on Debian 9 with Apache as a reverse proxy. WildFly is free and open-source Java application server formerly known as JBoss. It is written in Java and used for building deploying and hosting Java applications and other web-based applications and services.

1. WildFly Requirements

In order to run WildFly on your Debian 9 server, you need the following requirements:

  • Java SE 8 or later (we recommend that you use the latest update available) installed on your Debian 9 virtual server
  • Debian 9 VPS with root access enabled.

2. Log in via SSH and Update your System

First, you will need to log in to your Debian 9 VPS via SSH as the root user:

ssh root@IP_ADDRESS -p PORT_NUMBER

and as usual, run the following commands to upgrade all installed OS packages on your VPS:

apt-get update
apt-get upgrade

3.  Install Java

Java is not pre-installed on Debian 9 by default.

To install the Java Developer Kit (JDK),  execute this command on the VPS:

apt-get install default-jdk

To find out what version of Java has been installed, run:

java -version

The output should look something like this:

openjdk version "1.8.0_181"
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_181-8u181-b13-1~deb9u1-b13)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.181-b13, mixed mode)

 

4.  Install WildFly

cd /opt
wget http://download.jboss.org/wildfly/14.0.1.Final/wildfly-14.0.1.Final.tar.gz
tar -xvzf wildfly-14.0.1.Final.tar.gz
mv wildfly-14.0.1.Final wildfly

5. Create a WildFly User

Create a new system user named wildfly:

groupadd -r wildfly
useradd -r -g wildfly -d /opt/wildfly -s /sbin/nologin wildfly

6. Configure WildFly

Create a new WildFly configuration file:

vi /etc/default/wildfly

Add the following lines:

WILDFLY_USER="wildfly"
STARTUP_WAIT=180
SHUTDOWN_WAIT=30
WILDFLY_CONFIG=standalone.xml
WILDFLY_MODE=standalone
WILDFLY_BIND=0.0.0.0

so it will start WildFly 14 using the default web profile configuration in ‘standalone’ mode.

Create a WildFly startup script, named ‘launch.sh’:

vi /opt/wildfly/bin/launch.sh

Add the following lines:

#!/bin/sh

if [ "x$WILDFLY_HOME" = "x" ]; then
    WILDFLY_HOME=/opt/wildfly
fi

if [ "x$1" = "xdomain" ]; then
    echo 'Starting Wildfly in domain mode.'
    $WILDFLY_HOME/bin/domain.sh -c $2 -b $3
else
    echo 'Starting Wildfly in standalone mode.'
    $WILDFLY_HOME/bin/standalone.sh -c $2 -b $3
fi

Make the startup script executable:

chmod 755 /opt/wildfly/bin/launch.sh

Create a systemd init file for WildFly, named wildfly.service:

vi /etc/systemd/system/wildfly.service

Add the following lines:

[Unit]
Description=The WildFly Application Server
After=syslog.target network.target
Before=apache2.service

[Service]
Environment=LAUNCH_JBOSS_IN_BACKGROUND=1
EnvironmentFile=/etc/default/wildfly
User=wildfly
LimitNOFILE=102642
PIDFile=/var/run/wildfly/wildfly.pid
ExecStart=/opt/wildfly/bin/launch.sh $WILDFLY_MODE $WILDFLY_CONFIG $WILDFLY_BIND
StandardOutput=null

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Run the following command to reload units from disk:

systemctl daemon-reload

Set the proper ownership of files and directories located in the /opt/wildfly directory:

chown wildfly:wildfly -R /opt/wildfly/

Start the WildFly service:

systemctl start wildfly

Enable WildFly to start automatically on boot:

systemctl enable wildfly

6. Set up a Reverse Proxy in Apache

In order to access your WildFly application only by using your domain name, without the port number in the URL, we need to set up Apache as a reverse proxy.

To do so, we will need to enable some additional proxy modules in Apache. We can do this using the following commands:

a2enmod proxy
a2enmod proxy_http

Once this is done, create a new Apache configuration file for your domain with the following command:

vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/your-domain.conf

And enter the following:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerName your-domain.com
ServerAlias www.your-domain.com

ProxyRequests Off
<Proxy *>
Order deny,allow
Allow from all
</Proxy>
ProxyPreserveHost On

ProxyPass / http://127.0.0.1:8080/
ProxyPassReverse / http://127.0.0.1:8080/

<Location />
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Location>
</VirtualHost>

Save the file and close it.

There are two ways to enable the ‘your-domain.conf’ configuration in Apache. We can use:

a2ensite your-domain.com.conf

Alternatively, we can accomplish the same using:

ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/your-domain.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/your-domain.conf

Do not forget to replace your ‘your-domain.com’ with your actual domain name.

Disable the default Apache configuration file:

rm /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf

Restart Apache for the changes to take effect:

service apache2 restart

WildFly has a powerful web-based administration console. In order to access the WildFly management console, we have to add a new user. Run the add-user.sh script within the bin directory of the WildFly installation:

/opt/wildfly/bin/add-user.sh

Select: a) Management User , enter a username and password for the WildFly management user.

Edit the /opt/wildfly/standalone/configuration/standalone.xml WildFly configuration file and replace:

<interface name=”management”>
<inet-address value=”${jboss.bind.address.management:127.0.0.1}”/>
</interface>
<interface name=”public”>
<inet-address value=”${jboss.bind.address:0.0.0.0}”/>
</interface>
with:
<interface name=”management”>
<any-address/&gt;
</interface>
<interface name=”public”>
<any-address/>
</interface>
Restart WildFly for the changes to take effect:

systemctl restart wildfly

Open http://your-domain.com and access the WildFly management console using the newly created user login credentials.

 Install WildFly 14 on Debian 9

That’s it. If you followed all of the instructions properly you can now access your WildFly application using your domain name.

install wildfly on debian


install wildfly on debian 9Of course, you do not need to install WildFly 14 on your Debian 9 VPS yourself if you use our Premium Linux Server Management Services, in which case you can simply ask our expert admins to install it for you. They are available 24/7 and will cater to any requests or questions that you may have.

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