How to Install PHP 7.2 on Debian 9

How to Install PHP 7.2 on Debian 9

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In this tutorial, we will show you how to install PHP 7.2 on Debian 9.  PHP 7.2 has been officially released as of November 30th, 2017, and the release has new features and numerous improvements such as:

  • Convert numeric keys in object/array casts
  • Counting of non-countable objects
  • Object typehint
  • HashContext as Object
  • Argon2 in the password hash
  • Improve TLS constants to sane values
  • Mcrypt extension removed
  • New sodium extension

As you can see above, PHP is no longer using Bcrypt algorithm as a password hash, it is now using Argon2, it is a modern algorithm for securely hashing passwords. This is the most significant changes, it makes PHP more secure. Argon2 beat 23 other algorithms to win the Password Hashing Competition in 2015 and PHP 7.2 introduces as a more secure substitute for the Bcrypt algorithm. However, Bcrypt is still considered a strong hash, especially if compared to its predecessors, md5 and sha1. Bcrypt is still an acceptable hash for passwords. There’s no need to switch if you don’t want to.

The other major change in PHP 7.2 was the removal of the old Mcrypt cryptographic library (hasn’t been updated since 2007)  from the PHP core and the addition of Libsodium, a more modern alternative.

Requirements

– Debian 9 VPS
– SSH access with root privileges to your Debian 9 server

Installing PHP 7.2 on a Debian 9 VPS is a fairly easy task, just follow the steps below and you should have it done in a few minutes.

Step 1. Login to your server

First, let’s log in to your server via SSH:

ssh root@IP_Address -p Port_number

Then, check your existing PHP version, the default PHP version in Debian 9 is PHP 7.0

php -v

configure php 7.2 on debian 9

Remember, before you do anything else, always issue apt update to ensure that your Debian system is using the latest available packages.

apt update && apt upgrade

Step 2: Enable PPA

Let’s invoke the following commands to install the required packages prior to issuing commands to install PHP 7.2. Then, import the packages signing key and configure PPA for the PHP packages on your Debian 9 system.

apt install apt-transport-https lsb-release ca-certificates
wget -O /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/php.gpg https://packages.sury.org/php/apt.gpg
echo "deb https://packages.sury.org/php/ $(lsb_release -sc) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/php.list
apt update

Step 3: Install PHP 7.2

Once you enable the PPA you can proceed and install PHP 7.2 using the following command:

apt install php7.2

Step 4: Search and install specific PHP 7.2 modules

This will also install the required dependencies too. However, if you want to install a specific PHP7.2 module, you can search if it is available using the following command:

apt search php7.2

Step 5: Install most commonly used modules

To install PHP7.2 including some of the most commonly used modules you can use the following command:

apt install php7.2 php7.2-cli php7.2-common php7.2-json php7.2-opcache php7.2-mysql php7.2-zip php7.2-fpm php7.2-mbstring

Step 6: Check the installation

php -v

instaalling php 7.2 on debian 9

Now, PHP 7.2 has been installed on your Debian 9 system, and if we want to change the default PHP version to PHP 7.2 that is used on your web server, we need to disable the old PHP and enable the newly installed one.

Disable php 7.0

a2dismod php7.0
systemctl restart apache2

Enable php 7.2

a2enmod php7.2
systemctl restart apache2

Let’s create a phpinfo file

nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Append the following lines to the file, then save and exit nano

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

Now, open http://your_ip/phpinfo.php on your preferred web browser and you will see that apache is now using PHP 7.2

php 7.2 on debian 9 installation

 

 

How to Install PHP 7.2 on Debian 9Please note that you can issue the commands above with apt or apt-get, it’s only a matter of choice. For example, you can either issue “apt update” or “apt-get update”, “apt search” or “apt-cache search”. However, apt is the command that is being recommended by Debian, the mother of Linux distributions like Ubuntu, ElementaryOS, Linux Mint, etc. It provides the necessary option to manage the packages. Also, it is easier to use with its fewer but easy to remember options as well.


Of course, you don’t have to Install PHP 7.2 on Debian 9 yourself. If you use one of our Debian VPS Hosting services in which case, our technical support team will help you. They are available 24×7, simply submit a support ticket and they will take care of your request immediately.

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5 thoughts on “How to Install PHP 7.2 on Debian 9

  1. Hello,

    I do this config, on my info.php, i got :

    PHP Version 7.2.14-1+0~20190113100657.14+jessie~1.gbpd8

    On my server with debian 8, with php -v command :

    # php -v
    PHP 7.2.14-1+0~20190113100657.14+jessie~1.gbpd83c69 (cli) (built: Jan 13 2019 10:30:36) ( NTS )
    Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group
    Zend Engine v3.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.2.14-1+0~20190113100657.14+jessie~1.gbpd83c69, Copyright (c) 1999-2018, by Zend Technologies

    But, on my wordpress , I still have PHP 5.6 :

    You are running WordPress 5.0.3 | PHP 5.6.30-0+deb8u1 | Apache/2.4.10 (Debian) | MySQL 5.5.54-0+deb8u1

    Thanks in advance

  2. It is possible to have more than one PHP version installed on your server. Most likely PHP 7.2 is set as the default server PHP version, and PHP 5.6 is set as the default version for your WordPress site. If you have some kind of control panel on your server, it is usually quite simple to change and assign a different PHP version to each of your websites, based on their requirements.

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