Chamilo is a free and open-source, PHP based learning management platform and content management system (CMS). Used by millions of students, organizations, governments, schools, and companies around the world, Chamilo is one of the most popular platforms of this type. In this tutorial, we will present you the steps for installing Chamilo on a CentOS 7 VPS.
Chamilo comes with a lot of features such as:
– Courses management
– User management, authentication, and enrollment
– 20 pedagogical tools (document management, assignments, announcements, tests, forum, wiki, surveys, etc..)
– Social learning network
– Standards implementations (SCORM 1.2, AICC, IMS/QTI, HotPotatoes, iCal)
– Training sessions management
– Availability timeframe for tests/exams
– CSV/Excel data import/export
and many more…
– SSH access with root privileges
– CentOS 7 VPS with at least 1GB of RAM
– Apache version 2.2 or newer
– MySQL/MariaDB database server version 5 or newer
– PHP version 5.4 or newer with the following PHP modules: php-mysqlnd php-zlib php-pcre php-xml php-json php-mcrypt php-iconv php-gd php-intl php-session
In this tutorial we will install all necessary prerequisites, including Apache, PHP version 7 and MariaDB.
Step 1. Login via SSH and update the system
Login to your CentOS 7 VPS via SSH as user root
ssh root@IP_Address -p Port_Number
and run the following command to update all installed packages
yum -y update
Step 2. Install Apache
Apache web server is available in the official CentOS 7 repository and it can be easily installed with the yum package manager
yum -y install httpd
Once the installation is completed, start the web server and enable it to automatically start upon server reboot.
systemctl start httpd systemctl enable httpd
CentOS 7 is shipped with PHP 5.4 by default. This PHP version has reached the end of life and it is no longer maintained. We will show you how to install PHP 7 instead, from the Webtatic EL yum repository. Add the repository with the following command
yum -y install epel-release rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm
Once you add the repository you can proceed with the PHP installation including the extensions required by Chamilo
yum -y install php70w php70w-common php70w-mysqlnd php70w-zlib php70w-pcre php70w-xml php70w-json php70w-mcrypt php70w-iconv php70w-gd php70w-intl php70w-session php70w-cli
verify that PHP 7 is properly installed
php -v PHP 7.0.31 (cli) (built: Jul 20 2018 08:55:22) ( NTS ) Copyright (c) 1997-2017 The PHP Group Zend Engine v3.0.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2017 Zend Technologies
Step 3. Install MariaDB
Chamilo requires an empty database, so we will have to install a database server. Install MariaDB database server by executing the following command
yum -y install mariadb
Start the server and enable it to start upon reboot
systemctl start mariadb systemctl enable mariadb
Once the installation of the database server is finished, execute the mysql_secure_installation post-installation script, to set a password for the MySQL root user and implement some additional security recommendations.
Now, login to the MariaDB server and create a new database and user for the Chamilo installation
mysql -u root -p MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE chamilo; MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'chamilo'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD'; MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON chamilo.* TO 'user'@'localhost'; MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES MariaDB [(none)]> exit
Replace PASSWORD with an actual strong password.
Step 4. Download and install Chamilo
Download the latest stable version of Chamilo from their official website, built for PHP version 7.
unpack the downloaded archive to the document root directory of your server
unzip chamilo-1.11.8-php7.zip -d /var/www/html/
Rename the directory where all Chamilo files are placed
cd /var/www/html mv chamilo-1.11.8 chamilo
change the ownership of the Chamilo files
chown -R apache:apache chamilo
Step 5. Create Apache virtual host
If you want to access Chamilo with your domain name, you will have to create Apache virtual host for the domain
vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/invoiceninja.conf ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org DocumentRoot /var/www/html/chamilo ServerName domain.com ServerAlias www.domain.com Options +FollowSymlinks AllowOverride All ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/domain.com-error_log CustomLog /var/log/httpd/domain.com-access_log common
Save the file and restart the web server for the changes to take effect
systemctl restart httpd
If you closely followed the steps in this tutorial, you will be able to navigate your web browser to http://domain.com and follow the installation wizard to complete the Chamilo installation.
For more details on how to use and configure Chamilo, please check their official documentation.
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