ownCloud is a flexible, self-hosted open source PHP web application used for data synchronization and file sharing. ownCloud allows you to easily manage your files, calendars, contacts, to-do lists, and more, making it a great alternative to the popular Google Drive, Box, Dropbox, iCloud and other cloud platforms. Installing ownCloud on Debian, is fairly easy task and should not take more than 15 minutes. This guide should work on other Debian based systems as well but was tested and written for Debian 9 VPS. Let’s get started with installing ownCloud on your Debian 9 server.
1. Install MySQL Server
ownCloud can use MySQL/MariaDB, PostgreSQL, or SQLite as a backend data storage. In this guide we will use MariaDB as database engine. To install the MariaDB server run the following command:
sudo apt install mariadb-server
When the installation is complete, run the following commands to start and enable the MariaDB service :
sudo systemctl start mariadb sudo systemctl enable mariadb
To secure your installation and to setup the root password issue:
2. Create MySQL Database and Usser
To create a database and mysql user for our ownCloud installation run the following commands:
mysql -u root -p MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE owncloud CHARACTER SET utf8; MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON owncloud.* TO 'owncloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'owncloud_passwd'; MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; MariaDB [(none)]> \q
Redis is an in-memory database which will be used by the ownCLoud installation as memory cache. To install the latest Redis version from the default Debian repositories run the following command:
sudo apt install redis-server
3. Install Apache and PHP
Installing Apache, PHP and PHP modules is pretty straightforward process, just issue the following command:
sudo apt install apache2 mariadb-server libapache2-mod-php7.0 \ openssl php-imagick php7.0-common php7.0-curl php7.0-gd \ php7.0-imap php7.0-intl php7.0-json php7.0-ldap php7.0-mbstring \ php7.0-mcrypt php7.0-mysql php7.0-pgsql php-smbclient php-ssh2 \ php7.0-sqlite3 php7.0-xml php7.0-zip php-redis php-apcu
When the installation is complete, run the following commands to start and enable the Apache service :
sudo systemctl start apache2 sudo systemctl enable apache2
4. Install ownCloud
The ownCLoud 10 package is not available in default Debian 9 repositories so we will install the package from the official ownCLoud repositories. First add the ownCloud GPG key to the apt sources keyring:
wget -qO- https://download.owncloud.org/download/repositories/stable/Debian_9.0/Release.key | sudo apt-key add -
once the key is added run the following command to enable the ownCLoud repository:
echo 'deb https://download.owncloud.org/download/repositories/stable/Debian_9.0/ /' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/owncloud.list
Before installing the ownCLoud package we need to enable HTTPS transport for the debian apt tool by installing the following package:
sudo apt install apt-transport-https
Update the apt cache list and install the ownCLoud package with the following command:
sudo apt update sudo apt install owncloud-files
The command above will install the ownCLoud files in the
5. Configure Apache
To configure the Apache web server to serve the ownCLoud directory create a new configuration file with the following content:
sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/owncloud.conf
Alias /owncloud "/var/www/owncloud/" <Directory /var/www/owncloud/> Options +FollowSymlinks AllowOverride All <IfModule mod_dav.c> Dav off </IfModule> SetEnv HOME /var/www/owncloud SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/owncloud </Directory>
Enable the Apache ownCloud configuration:
sudo a2ensite owncloud
and restart the Apache web server:
sudo systemctl restart apache2
Finally set the correct permissions, so the ownCLoud can upload files:
sudo chown -R www-data: /var/www/owncloud/
6. Finish the ownCLoud installation
In the last step of this guide we need to access to ownCLoud Web Interface and finish the installation.
To finish the installation open your browser and navigate to http://your_server_ip_address/owncloud/.
To create your first admin user enter the Username and Password under the “Create an admin account” label, next click on the “Storage & Database” link which will give you an option to select your database backed. Leave the default “Data Folder” value “/var/www/owncloud/data” and under the “Configure the database” label and select “MySQL/MariaDB”. In the database fields enter the database user, the database user password and the database name you previously created. Finally clock on the blue “Finish setup” button and the ownCLoud installer will populate the database and redirect you to the ownCloud login screen.
That’s it. You have successfully installed ownCloud 10 server on your Debian 9 VPS. For more information about how to manage your ownCloud installation, please refer to the official ownCloud User Manual.
Of course you don’t have to Install ownCloud on your Debian 9 server, if you use one of our Linux Support Services, in which case you can simply ask our expert Linux admins to setup this for you. They are available 24×7 and will take care of your request immediately.
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