This blog post will show you the five most used echo commands in Linux with examples.
The echo command in Linux is a command that outputs the strings passed to its arguments. The echo command is supported on various Linux distributions such as Ubuntu, CentOS, Debian, and other OS like Windows. This command is most used in shell scripts and batch files to output status text to the screen.
In this tutorial, we will use the latest Ubuntu 22.04 OS, but you can choose any Linux distro per your choice. Let’s get started!
- A server with Ubuntu 22.04 OS
- User privileges: root or non-root user with sudo privileges
Update the System
It is recommended to update the system packages to the latest versions available.
sudo apt update -y && sudo apt upgrade -y
Once the system is updated, we are ready to show you the five most used echo commands in Linux.
Syntax of the echo command
The syntax of the echo command is the following:
echo [option(s)] [string(s)]
The echo command is simple and is being executed with the main word echo using some options and strings next to it.
1. Display simple line to standard output
To display a single line as text on standard output, execute the following echo command with the string:
echo This blog post will teach you about the echo command.
This is how looks the output of this command:
[email protected]:~# echo This blog post will teach you about the echo command. This blog post will teach you about the echo command.
2. Print Files and Folders
The echo command can be used to print all files and folders in some directory as an alternative to the ls -al command for listing.
This is the output of the command above:
[email protected]:/# echo * bin boot core dev etc home lib lib32 lib64 libx32 lost+found media mnt opt proc root run sbin snap srv sys tmp usr var
3. Redirect operator to output text in a file
The following command will redirect the output in the file instead of the standard output on the command line.
echo * > outputfile.txt
To check the content of the file, execute the cat outputfile.txt command, and you should receive the same as in the previous paragraph:
[email protected]:/# cat outputfile.txt bin boot core dev etc home lib lib32 lib64 libx32 lost+found media mnt opt proc root run sbin snap srv sys tmp usr var
4. Removing Text Spacing
To remove the text spacing in some lines, execute the following command with option -b:
echo -e "This \bblog \bpost \bwill \bhelp \byou \bwith \understanding \bthe \becho \bcommand"
You should get the following output:
[email protected]:/# echo -e "This \bblog \bpost \bwill \bhelp \byou \bwith \bunderstanding \bthe \becho \bcommand" Thisblogpostwillhelpyouwithunderstaingtheechocommand
5. Displaying the Text in Multiple Lines
To display the text in multiple lines, execute the following command with option \n.
echo -e "This \nblog \npost \nwill \nhelp \nyou \nwith \nunderstanding \nthe \necho \ncommand"
You should get the following output:
[email protected]:/# echo -e "This \nblog \npost \nwill \nhelp \nyou \nwith \nunderstaing \nthe \necho \ncommand" This blog post will help you with understanding the echo command
These were the most used echo commands on a daily basis by system administrators and other Linux users. If you want to know more about the echo command, just execute the command man echo, and you will get a complete definition of echo and its usage:
[email protected]:/# man echo ECHO(1) User Commands ECHO(1) NAME echo - display a line of text SYNOPSIS echo [SHORT-OPTION]... [STRING]... echo LONG-OPTION DESCRIPTION Echo the STRING(s) to standard output. -n do not output the trailing newline -e enable interpretation of backslash escapes -E disable interpretation of backslash escapes (default) --help display this help and exit --version output version information and exit If -e is in effect, the following sequences are recognized: . . . . .
That’s it. You just learned to use the echo command on Linux with examples. Of course, if you need some help with this, you just need to sign up for one of our NVMe plans and submit a support ticket. Our admins will start work on your request immediately. We are available 24/7.
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